The new controversial security law of China

security law of China

In the new security law of China, it provides new powers over Hong Kong and fears for its freedoms. Secession, subversion, and collusion with foreign forces have been criminalized. This is done to effectively reduce protests and freedom of speech. But in return, it gave rise to more unrest pro-democracy movement. The Democrats claimed that it was ceasing all the operations. Joshua Wong, one of Hong Kong’s most prominent activists, was about to leave the group which he had spearheaded. But there were some activists who joined the key march despite the risk of getting arrest under the new security law.

President Xi Jinping had now signed the security law which is now included in Hong Kong’s Basic Law. Though the terms mentioned in the law are not yet clear. Many residents still do not know about the rules that they need to abide by. The law will be implemented soon. China claimed that this law was meant to handle unrest and instability. It completely rejects criticism as interference in its affairs.

What does the new law include?

  • The law passed unanimously in the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in Beijing. According to this law, Beijing will construct a new security office in Hong Kong that will deal with national security cases. Not only that it will also have other powers that include overseeing education about national security in Hong Kong schools.
  • Hong Kong will have its own national security commission to enforce the laws, with a Beijing-appointed adviser. 
  • The chief executive will appoint judges to hear national security cases. This term in the law has raised fears about judicial independence. The fact is that Beijing will have complete authority to interpret the law as they want.
  • Suppose in certain cases if the law conflicts with any Hong Kong law, then Beijing law will have the priority.

What changes Hong Kong will experience?

  • The new law takes about all the freedoms that make Hong Kong different from the rest of China. The right to free speech, right to protest, and to have a robust judiciary has been taken away.
  • In recent years, there have been lots of protests for more rights. Last year, rallies were conducted for scrapping the bill that permits extraditions to the mainland and it turned to be quite violent.
  • The law will only target a “small minority” and which will not undermine Hong Kong’s autonomy. The new security law is a frighteningly open-ended tool to suppress political agitation. 
  • It seems that the law can be manipulated to meet the needs of the Communist Party as required to crush almost any action deemed threatening.

What are the reactions?

Democratic Party leader Wu Chi-wai was joined by Figo Chan, of the Civil Human Rights Front. He urged people to take to the streets as there are huge risks of being prosecuted. But still, they wanted to take the lead and tell the people not to fear. Police had framed a plan to keep about 4,000 riot officers on standby. The people have to dissolve and stop all meetings and fight against totalitarian oppression. Then only they will be able to continue the oppression in a more flexible manner and on various fronts. 

Joshua Wong said that this law is the end of Hong Kong that the world knew before. President of the European Council Charles Michel also reacted and mentioned that the law risked seriously undermining Hong Kong’s autonomy. He also added that he deplores the decision to implementation of the new security law. 

Taiwan had already warned its citizens about the risk of visiting Hong Kong.